Cannabis sativa and its constituents like CBD and THC, have been used over millennia to support human health. It has also played a central role in our civilization. Here is a timeline of this history.
Hemp as an herbal medicine was published in what is known to be the oldest pharmacopeia, “Pen Ts’ao Ching”. It is believed that hemp was being used as far back as 6000 B.C. and the writings by the great medial writer, Li Shi Chen, show traditions handed down by generations. In the texts, the ancient Chinese identified that cannabis plants contain either male or female reproductive properties. This discovery was the first understanding of the difference between “hemp” and “marijuana.” #hemphistory #cannabis #cannabishistory #cbd
Traces of Cannabis have been found in a number of Egyptian mummies providing more evidence that marijuana was a regular part of ancient Egyptian culture. One of their gods, Seshat, the goddess of wisdom, is often depicted with a marijuana leaf above her head.
According to Chinese legend, the emperor Shen-Nung was the first person to discover the healing properties of Cannabis. He is known to have extracted hemp oil from the plant’s seeds for pain treatment and made topical salves for treating skin rashes and irritation.
During his reign, King Henry VIII required the cultivation of hemp in England which was used to make clothing and building materials.
There was an indigenous, fibrous species known to Native Americans as Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum), but settlers traveling from Europe brought and cultivated the species we now know as, Cannabis sativa.
Hemp becomes prevalent on the content of Africa, where amongst other uses, the plant was given to pregnant women before childbirth.
George Washington cultivated hemp at Mount Vernon for industrial uses.
William Brooke O'Shaughnessy (b. 1809) was an Irish physician famous for introducing the therapeutic use of Cannabis to Western medicine. One of his patients was Queen Victoria of England, who used CBD to manage menstrual pain. He is also well known for paving the way for the development of intravenous therapy (I.V.).
During the temperance movement, cannabis was commonly recommended as a substitute for alcohol because people knew that the effects from marijuana mitigated some of the issues caused by alcohol abuse.
The Cannabis plant, which includes Hemp and Marijuana, is banned as part of the Controlled Substances Act. Signed by Richard Nixon, it classified the plant as a Schedule I drug on the basis that is has "a high potential for abuse” and “no medicinal value.”
Mexican Revolution inuences criminalization of cannabis in the U.S.
American organic chemist, Roger Adams, is the first person to isolate the CBD compound.
Raphael Mechoulam, known as the “father of cannabis” was credited with the isolation of THC as well as elucidating the entire cannabidiol structure.
President Ronald Reagan pours tens of millions of dollars into a study to prove that marijuana damages the human brain. But, the Reagan administration ends up subsidizing a series of studies that culminates the discovery of the endocannabinoid system, expanding our understanding of how cannabinoids interact with the human body.
The Farm Bill is passed, allowing the state sponsored cultivation of hemp provided that it has 0.3% or less THC.
The US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) reschedules the epilepsy cannabidiol drug Epidiolex from Schedule I to Schedule V, setting the stage for further deregulation of Cannabis.
The 2018 Farm Bill set a statute that legalized the hemp plant (cannabis sativa) as long as it contained no more than 0.3% of THC. Now, all parts of the hemp plant are federally legal to grow and utilize for commerce.
An acre of hemp can produce power equivalent to a thousand gallons of gasoline. However, the legal status and thus the lack of a market economy has prevented hemp biofuel from becoming a mainstream reality.
From the farmer's point of view, hemp is an easy crop to grow and will yield from three to six tons per acre on any land that will grow corn, wheat, or oats. It can be grown in any state of the Union. It has a short growing season, so that it can be planted after other crops are in. The long roots penetrate and break the soil to leave it in perfect condition for next year's crop. The dense shock of leaves, eight to twelve feet above the ground, chokes out weeds. Two successive crops are enough to reclaim land that has been abandoned... Popular Mechanics 1938 “Billion Dollar Crop”
It is estimated that the English fleet that defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588 donned 10,000 acres of cultivated hemp.